If you’ve be reading my blog for the last couple of weeks you know I’ve been keenly interested in the development of Social TV. And while sites like GetGlue and Philo (which was just bought by Local Response) got things kicked off by allowing you to “check-in” to the content you were reading/watching/listening to, I think you’re going to be hearing a lot more about companies like Social Guide and Bluefins Labs in the months to come. This area is developing rapidly now and a recent article in GOOD – Tweet Seekers: How Your Social Media Outbursts Influence TV Networks – was a real eye opener for me. Take a look at what TV programs people are talking about online:
This data comes from Bluefin and shows how Social TV is starting to “hockey stick.” But I think something else is going to emerge here that is going to be significant for both agencies and content developers. It’s what I’m calling Intermedia.
Cross-Media v. Transmedia
Chances are you’re familiar with the terms like transmedia and cross-media. But right now distinctions and definitions are important, so let’s lay this all out. First, here’s a definition of transmedia from SeizeTheMedia:
Transmedia is a format of formats; an approach to story delivery that aggregates fragmented audiences by adapting productions to new modes of presentation and social integration. The execution of a transmedia production weaves together diverse storylines, across multiple outlets, as parts of an overarching narrative structure. These elements are distributed through both traditional and new media outlets. The online components exploit the social conventions, and social locations, of the internet.
Here’s what that looks like, again from SeizeTheMedia:
The Producer’s Guild of America has issued a press release on Transmedia, formerly acknowledging the title Transmedia Producer. Brooke Thompson has a fantastic post where she breaks down transmedia, and looks to differentiate it from cross-media (and rightly so). Cross-media, according to Brooke, is defined as:
“[…]but here there may be content that drives you from one platform to the next. However, the relationship is typically one way and it’s quite simple. As far as the entirety of the project, the platforms do not rely upon each other in order to make the experience complete. For example, look at you favorite television show’s website. Does it have character bios? A timeline of big events that have taken place? Extra video? All of these things are driven by the content on one platform (your favorite show), but they don’t have much interaction with each other and virtually none with your favorite show. It’s unidirectional – your show drives the content, but it does not ask for anything in return. In other words, any narrative outside of the show is not only optional but it doesn’t have any impact on the show itself. As you probably gathered by looking at your favorite show’s website, we see a lot of this coming out of Hollywood these days (advertising, too). This is cross-media.
Here’s an infrographic from the Minnesota Interactive Marketing Association entitled, How Cross-Media Revived the TV Star:
Finally, one last graphic from Brooke Thompson, providing a nice side-by-side comparison of cross-media and transmedia:
Want more on transmedia? Go read Henry Jenkins’ Transmedia Storytelling 101.
What is Intermedia?
But I believe the rise of Social TV is bringing about something different. Something beyond creating related content across multiple channels and platforms (cross-media) or even driving a singular narrative thread across multiple channels and platforms (transmedia). I think we are starting to see the evolution of content traveling between multiple platforms and channels (intermedia).
The term intermedia has been used before. From Wikipedia:
Intermedia was a concept employed in the mid-sixties by Fluxus artist Dick Higgins to describe the ineffable, often confusing, inter-disciplinary activities that occur between genres that became prevalent in the 1960s. Thus, the areas such as those between drawing and poetry, or between painting and theatre could be described as intermedia. With repeated occurrences, these new genres between genres could develop their own names (e.g. visual poetry or performance art.)
Note the use of the world between. This isn’t merely turning a musical into a movie or or using a famous painting as the basis of a play like Marat/Sade. The former being something more akin to cross-media, the latter perhaps more accurately defined as an piece of meta-fiction. Nor is it something like Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead, which hovers somewhere between meta-fiction and transmedia. Intermedia has a more direct, and immediate interaction between content from multiple platforms or channels.
Here’s a stab at a more formal definition:
Intermedia is characterized by the real-time interaction of content consumers between themselves and content producers, the content’s participants or notable third parties. This engagement may play a role in the on-going or future development of the content in the form of voting, surveys, commentary or other forms of interaction.
They key here is that intermedia isn’t simply people tweeting about Beyonce’s baby bump during the MTV Video Music Awards. That’s simply an example of Social TV. Intermedia begins when Beyonce starts tweeting back to people immediately after her performance, while the VMA’s are still going on.
There are several scenarios where intermedia can pop up, here are a few examples:
- During a football game, the announcers field questions from Twitter and respond both on Twitter and on television
- Joan Rivers engages in a live Twitter chat from the Oscar Red Carpet and shares the comments with celebrities as they come by
- Show runner Matthew Weiner jumps on Twitter during a first run airing of a new Mad Men episode, providing commentary
- The character Sam Winchester from the CW television show Supernatural tweets between episodes and his interaction with fans works its way into future episodes
- American Idol contestants are voted on via mobile phone by fans
- A football team shows tweets in-stadium on digital boards
- A news anchor hosting a live Google+ hangout during an evening newscast
Many of these are happening, or have happened, to some degree in the past, but I believe you are going to see an explosion of it in the future.
Who is going to benefit from the development and practice of intermedia? Well for one, agencies. There is going to be a fight to see who will become the intermedia strategy agency on behalf of properties. Intermedia planner is going to be a job title in the future – held by the person who understands the platforms, the culture, the talent and the timing to enhance the engagement with and affinity for the property.
The service and tools providers like Social Guide. Check out their mobile app, it’s going to become an essential element to the content consumption experience. Measurement and real-time monitoring of intermedia content will be a lucrative field (hello Radian6, Nielsen and Bluefin Labs).
Savvy content producers will be in high demand. Here’s where Warner Bros. is going to potentially come to dominate in a whole new way. I’ve already written about their dominance of television content production, and much of it is intermedia ready. Shows like the aforementioned Supernatural, and daytime hit The Ellen Degeneres Show are already huge Social TV hits. Understanding how to make shows that work well for intermedia will be a new benchmark.
Intermedia in other channels and platforms
I’ve focused on Twitter and television for this post, but intermedia opportunities will expand and be adopted in other areas:
- Imagine readers posting questions or comments within an interface in Kindle editions of books and having them answered by the author via a YouTube channel
- DJs at a club could simultaneously play the same song in a Turntable.fm room, or take requests from one venue and play the song in the other
In my next post I’m going to look at Intermedia strategy and provide my thoughts on how an agency would develop this new practice. But first I’d like your thoughts. Is Intermedia the right name? Do you agree that this is a rich new area of content integration and engagement? Give me your thoughts below.